Documenting Exxon-Mobil's funding of climate change skeptics.

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FACTSHEET: Frontiers of Freedom Institute and Foundation, FoF

DETAILS

12011 Lee Jackson Memorial Hwy 3rd Floor Fairfax, Virginia 22033
Phone: 703-246-0110
Fax: 703-246-0129

Frontiers of Freedom calls itself the "antithesis" of the green movement. In 1996, former Senator Malcolm Wallop (R-WY) started Frontiers of Freedom to fight environmental regulations, particularly the Endangered Species Act and any law seen as infringing on "property rights." But increasingly, it has focussed on the issue of global warming.

After a $100,000 grant from ExxonMobil in 2002, FoF set up the Center for Science and Public Policy in 2003 (ff.org/centers/csspp/misc/index.html) . The CSPP concentrates on two areas: trashing global warming science, and also questioning the scientific evidence on the dangers of mercury emitted from coal-fired power plants.

FoF also runs The Center for Free Market Environmentalism and Conservation (ff.org/centers/cfmec.html) both of these centers are forums for the promotion of industry-friendly "sound science."

FoF operates several associated websites, including OpinionEditorials.com and SpinFreeNews.com, which it describes as "one-stop-shopping for daily news about lawsuit abuse, energy, the environment, and other topics that too often end up on the cutting room floor of traditional media."

Myron Ebell joined Wallop at FoF in 1996. Previously, Ebell had worked for the staunchly "wise use" American Land Rights Association. Ebell left FoF in 1999 and is now Director of Global Warming and International Environmental Policy at the Competitive Enterprise Institute. Ebell currently chairs the Cooler Heads Coalition, of which FoF is a member.

In addition to grants from conservative foundations, Frontiers of Freedom receives money from tobacco and oil companies, including Philip Morris, ExxonMobil and RJ Reynolds Tobacco. According to the New York Times: "Frontiers of Freedom, which has about a $700,000 annual budget". George Landrith, President of FoF told the New York Times, says of its funders: 'They've determined that we are effective at what we do'" (J. Lee, "Exxon Backs Groups That Question Global Warming," The New York Times, 28 May 2003).

FoF has strong ties to the western "wise use" movement, and is part of the Alliance for America Network and the Grassroots ESA Coalition.

KEY QUOTES

2 February, 2004
"Climate has always varied, often with large swings...These dramatic climatic ebbs and flows are naturally occurring events. A more appropriate response to potential climate change is the production and employment of resources toward meaningful adaptation strategies."
Source: Frontiers of Freedom, "Science Hill Watch" 2/2/04

12 April, 2007
George Landrith, president of the Frontiers of Freedom Institute (FFI), says the idea behind the Durbin-Hagel proposal [to compel the CIA and Pentagon to assess the national security implications of climate change] is "a big waste of time and effort" at a period when numerous security issues need to be addressed. "We've seen in the last several years, leading up to 9/11, lots of intelligence and security failures," Landrith notes. "And it seems to me that diverting [the agencies'] attention with things that matter, like protecting Americans from people who want to kill them, would be a much higher priority than worrying about whether temperature change is going to change by one degree over the next hundred years. "I just don't see how that military's problem," says the FFI leader, who admits that climate change does not even make his "top one-thousand list." Landrith believes that Durbin and Hagel have bought into the politically correct hype surrounding global warming. Former Vice President Al Gore and "the global-warming alarmists at the U.N.," says Landrith, have successfully convinced people that global warming is real, that the science behind it is certain, and that there is no serious debate about its reality. "And of course, that's not true," says Landrith. "I talk to scientists everyday who question it and scratch their head [about what global-warming advocates are saying]." And to the extent that there is a consensus about global warming, he adds, "it seems that there's a political consensus -- which is [when] politicians have licked their finger, stuck it in the air, and they have a sense that the breeze is blowing in a certain direction ...."
Source: One News Now, "Durbin, Hagel say global warming a national security threat," April 12, 2007

5 April, 2004
Frontiers of Freedom, a Washington, D.C. public policy group, doesn't believe humans have anything to do with the gradual warming of the Earth. "These things happen. That's just the way nature has always been," said George Landrith, president of Frontiers of Freedom. "Variability has always existed. There's nothing new about that." Landrith dismisses blaming people for global warming as politically motivated. "It's about making energy scarce and expensive," he said.
Source: USA Today "Debate over causes aside, West is feeling warm climate's effects"

KEY DEEDS

19 August, 1997
Held a "Countdown to Kyoto" conference in Canberra, Australia "to bolster support for the government's increasingly isolated position on global warming in preparation for Kyoto"
Source: "Who Killed the Kyoto Summit," Guardia, 12/7/97

14 May, 2002
Held a briefing at the National Press Club, in conjunction with the Cooler Heads Coalition and The Science and Environmental Policy Project, entitled "Experts Discuss Why United States Should Withdraw Its Signature From Kyoto; Whatever Happened To Global Warming Anyway?"
Source: "Experts Discuss Why U.S. Should Withdraw From Kyoto Treaty," U.S. Newswire 5/14/02

7 June, 2002
President George Landrith signed a letter to President Bush, asking him to withdraw the "Climate Action Report 2002" and demand that it be rewritten based on "sound science". The letter also recommends that Bush "dismiss or re-assign all administration employees who are not pursuing your agenda, just as you have done in several similar instances."
Source: Joint Letter To President Bush On The EPA's Climate Action Report 6/7/02

FUNDING

Frontiers of Freedom Institute and Foundation has received $1,272,000 from ExxonMobil since 1998.

2000
$145,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Project Support (3 grants 40K, 90K, 15K)
Source: ExxonMobil Foundation 2000 IRS 990

2001
$40,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Source: ExxonMobil 2001 Worldwide Giving Report

2002
$232,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
100K Center for Sound Science and Public Policy.97K Global Climate Change Outreach Activites.35Global Climate Change Science Projects
Source: ExxonMobil 2002 Worldwide Giving Report

2003
$95,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Global Climate Change Outreach
Source: ExxonMobil 2003 Worldwide Giving Report

2003
$50,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Project Support--Sound Science Center
Source: ExxonMobil 2003 Worldwide Giving Report

2003
$50,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Global Climate Change Activities
Source: ExxonMobil 2003 Worldwide Giving Report

2004
$50,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Climate Change Efforts
Source: ExxonMobil 2004 Worldwide Giving Report

2004
$90,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Global Climate Change Outreach
Source: ExxonMobil 2004 Worldwide Giving Report

2004
$40,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Project Support -- Climate Change
Source: ExxonMobil 2004 Worldwide Giving Report

2004
$70,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Project Support -- Science Center & Climate Change
Source: ExxonMobil 2004 Worldwide Giving Report

2005
$90,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
DISCREPANCY: 2005 Corporate Giving Report: General Operating Support. IRS 990 form: Climate Change Efforts.
Source: ExxonMobil 2005 Worldwide Giving Report

2005
$50,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
Annual Gala and General Operating Support
Source: ExxonMobil 2005 Worldwide Giving Report

2006
$90,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
General operating support
Source: ExxonMobil 2006 Worldwide Giving Report

2006
$90,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Science and policy center
Source: ExxonMobil 2006 Worldwide Giving Report

2007
$90,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Source: ExxonMobil 2007 Worldwide Giving Report

KEY PEOPLE

George C. Landrith
President
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

S. Fred Singer
Adjunct Fellow
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

Christopher C. Horner
Adjunct Fellow
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

Malcolm Wallop
Chairman and Founder
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

Myron Ebell
former Policy Director
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

Paul Driessen
Senior Fellow
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

Willie Soon
Chief science researcher for the Center for Science and Public Policy
Source: Article in Wall St Journal

Robert (Bob) Ferguson
Executive Director of the Center for Science and Public Policy
Source: Center for Science and Public Policy

PEOPLE

Jason Wright
Vice President
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

Kerri (Houston) Toloczko
Vice President of Policy
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

Kimberly A. Martin
Director of Development
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

Amanda E. Telford
Director of Operations
Source: Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06

SOURCES

ExxonMobil 2001 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4388

ExxonMobil 2002 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4386

ExxonMobil Foundation 2000 IRS 990
ExxonMobil Foundation 2000 IRS 990
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4390

"Who Killed the Kyoto Summit," Guardia, 12/7/97
Op-Ed by S. Beder, J. Vidal, and P. Brown

"Experts Discuss Why U.S. Should Withdraw From Kyoto Treaty," U.S. Newswire 5/14/02
http://www.usnewswire.com/topnews/first/0514-108.html

ExxonMobil 2003 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4389

Frontiers of Freedom, "Science Hill Watch" 2/2/04
http://ff.org/centers/csspp/pdf/hillwatchfinal2-10-04.pdf

Joint Letter To President Bush On The EPA's Climate Action Report 6/7/02
http://www.cei.org/gencon/027,03051.cfm

ExxonMobil 2004 Worldwide Giving Report
2004 Worldwide Contributions and Community Investments Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4380

ExxonMobil 2005 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4387

Frontiers of Freedom website 5-06
http://www.ff.org

One News Now, "Durbin, Hagel say global warming a national security threat," April 12, 2007
http://www.onenewsnow.com/2007/04/durbin_hagel_says_global_warmi.php

ExxonMobil 2006 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research downloaded from Exxon website
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4381

Article in Wall St Journal
Article by Soon and Robert Ferguson on how Mercury is good for you
http://downloads.heartland.org/17743.pdf

Center for Science and Public Policy
http://ff.org/centers/csspp/misc/contactus.htm

USA Today "Debate over causes aside, West is feeling warm climate's effects"
http://www.usatoday.com/weather/resources/climate/2004-05-04-west-warming_x.htm

ExxonMobil 2007 Worldwide Giving Report
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=download&d=4586