Documenting Exxon-Mobil's funding of climate change skeptics.

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FACTSHEET: Heritage Foundation, Heritage

DETAILS

214 Massachusetts Ave, NE Washington, DC 20002-4999
Phone: 202-546-1400
Fax: 202-546-8328

One of the oldest and most influencial conservative think tanks, the Heritage Foundation was founded in 1973 by Paul Weyrich to "formulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense" (from Heritage "About Us" website). Initial financial backing came from the Coors family, among others.

The Heritage Foundation covers a wide variety of policy issues - the environment and global warming amongst them. Heritage was a fervent opponent of the Kyoto protocol. It runs a searchable online database of "policy experts" (www.policyexperts.org) which includes renowned climate change skeptics Patrick Michaels, Sallie Baliunas, Thomas Gale Moore, Robert Balling, and Fred Singer. The Heritage Foundation historically has had considerable influence over Republican politicians. It is estimated that two-thirds of the policy recommendations it made in 1981 were adopted by the Reagan Administration (Greenpeace Guide, 1993). Heritage is a former member of the Cooler Heads Coalition and started the State Policy Network as a way to promote conservative policies at the state level. It also runs the right-wing news website Townhall.com.

KEY QUOTES

[C]alls to drastically reduce emissions in sulfur dioxide (SOx), nitrogen oxide (NOx), mercury, and carbon dioxide would jeopardize U.S. energy and national security. ...The Bush administration and Congress need to steadfastly resist alarmist calls to drastically reduce carbon dioxide, a clear, odorless gas and a fundamental nutrient of the planetary food chain. Curbing carbon dioxide would cause a major change in the electricity-generation fuel mix and would adversely affect the nation's energy supply and economic strength.
Source: Heritage "Energy and Environment" website

Congress should reject calls to drastically reduce air emissions. Such demands are nothing more than veiled schemes to implement a domestic version of the fatally flawed Kyoto Treaty, which would suppress needed energy production under the guise of "clean air."
Source: Heritage "Energy and Environment" website

DEEDS

Presented a blueprint for policy in the 1990s, published in its journal "Policy Review," which encouraged conservatives to work together to "[s]trangle the environmental movement."
Source: Greenpeace Guide

FUNDING

Heritage Foundation has received $780,000 from ExxonMobil since 1998.

1992
$unknown Exxon Corporation
Source: Heritage Foundation literature, April 17, 1992

1992
$unknown Mobil Corporation
Source: Heritage Foundation literature, April 17, 1992

1998
$90,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
Source: Exxon Education Foundation Dimensions 1998 report

2000
$105,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
45 K general support, 50 K event support
Source: ExxonMobil Foundation 2000 IRS 990

2001
$65,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
25K for 'climate change', 40K general funding
Source: ExxonMobil 2001 Worldwide Giving Report

2002
$75,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Source: ExxonMobil 2002 Worldwide Giving Report

2003
$95,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Source: ExxonMobil 2003 Worldwide Giving Report

2005
$30,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Source: ExxonMobil 2005 Worldwide Giving Report

2006
$30,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
Source: ExxonMobil 2006 Worldwide Giving Report

2007
$40,000 ExxonMobil Foundation
Source: ExxonMobil 2007 Worldwide Giving Report

2008
$50,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
Source: EXXON FOUNDATION AND CORPORATE GIVING 2008

2009
$50,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
Source: ExxonMobil 2009 Worldwide Contributions and Community Investments

2010
$50,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
Source: ExxonMobil 2010 Worldwide Giving Report

2011
$50,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
Source: ExxonMobil corporate funding 2011, public policy

2012
$50,000 ExxonMobil Corporate Giving
Source: ExxonMobil corporate funding 2012, public policy

KEY PEOPLE

Richard Mellon Scaife
vice-chair of the board
Source: ExxonMobil 2001 Worldwide Giving Report

Edwin J. Feulner Jr.
President
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Phillip N. Truluck
Executive Vice President
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Becky Norton Dunlop
Vice President for External Relations
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Allison Fraser
Director, Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

James L. Gattuso
Senior Research Fellow in Regulatory Policy, Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

James S. Gilmore III
Distinguished Fellow
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Brett D. Schaefer
Jay Kingham Fellow in International Regulatory Affairs, Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Malcolm Wallop
Chung Yu-Jung Fellow for Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Patrick J. Michaels
Policy Expert
Source: Heritage Foundation "Policy Experts" website

Sallie Baliunas
Policy Experts
Source: Heritage Foundation "Policy Experts" website

Thomas Gale Moore
Policy Expert
Source: Heritage Foundation "Policy Experts" website

Robert C. Balling Jr.
Policy Expert
Source: Heritage Foundation "Policy Experts" website

Nathaniel Moffat 

Source: Donors Trust form 990 - 2010

William J. Hume
trustee
Source: Donors Trust - William Hume

John A. Von Kannon
vice president and treasurer
Source: Heritage Foundation - John Von Kannon

PEOPLE

Stuart M. Butler
Vice President, Domestic and Economic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Michael Franc
Vice President of Government Relations
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Edwin Meese III
Ronald Reagan Distinguished Fellow in Public Policy and Chairman, Center for Legal and Judicial Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

William W. Beach
Director of the Center for Data Analysis (CDA)
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Peter Brookes
Senior Fellow, National Security Affairs and Chung Ju-Yung Fellow for Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Helle Dale
Deputy Director, Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies and Director, Douglas and Sarah Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Danielle Doane
Dorothy Moller Fellow and Director, Congressional Relations
Source: ExxonMobil 2001 Worldwide Giving Report

Todd F. Gaziano
Director, Center for Legal & Judicial Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Jennifer Marshall
Director of Domestic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Tim Kane

Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Robert E. Moffit
Director, Center for Health Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Ken Sheffer
Counselor to the President
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Matthew Spalding
Director, B. Kenneth Simon Center for American Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Tim Chapman
Director, Center for Media and Public Policy
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

James Jay Carafano
Senior Research Fellow, Defense and Homeland Security. The Allison Center for Foreign Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Ariel Cohen
Senior Research Fellow, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Lee Edwards
Distinguished Fellow in Conservative Thought
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Nile Gardiner
The Bernard and Barbara Lomas Fellow at the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom, Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Edmund F. Haislmaier
Research Fellow in Health Policy Studies, Domestic Policy
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

John C. Hulsman
Senior Research Fellow, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

David C. John
Senior Research Fellow, Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Daniel H. Johnson Jr.
Visiting Fellow, Center for Health Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Tim Kane
Research Fellow, Center for Data Analysis
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Daniel J. Mitchell
McKenna Senior Fellow in Political Economy
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

James A. Phillips
Research Fellow, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Ralph A. Rector
Research Fellow and Project Manager, Center for Data Analysis
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Brian M. Riedl
Grover M. Hermann Fellow in Federal Budgetary Affairs
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Baker Spring
F.M. Kirby Research Fellow in National Security Policy
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Jason Turner
The Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Visiting Fellow in Welfare Policy
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Ronald Utt
Herbert and Joyce Morgan Senior Research Fellow
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Charlene "Charli" Coon
Senior Policy Analyst, Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Ana I. Eiras
Senior Policy Analyst on International Economics
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Rebecca Hagelin
Vice President, Communications and Marketing
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Rea S. Hederman Jr.
Senior Policy Analyst, Center for Data Analysis
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Kay Cole James
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Norbert J. Michel
Policy Analyst, Center for Data Analysis
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Nina Owcharenko
Senior Policy Analyst, Center for Health Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Michael Scardaville
Policy Analyst, Davis Institute for International Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Jack Spencer
Senior Policy Analyst, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

David R. Brown
Chairman Emeritus, Board of Trustees
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

J. Frederick Rench
Founding Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Douglas F. Allison
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Larry P. Arnn
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Joseph Beall
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Belden Bell
Trustee and Counselor to the President
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Holland H. "Holly" Coors
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Midge Decter
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Steve Forbes
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Robert J. Herbold
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

William J. Hume
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Lee M. Klinetobe
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

J. William Middendorf II
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Thomas Saunders
Trustee since 2005
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Brian Tracy
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Jay Van Andel
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Barb Van Andel-Gaby
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Marion G. Wells
Trustee
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Adam Meyerson
former Editor-in-Chief of "Policy Review"
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

Angela M. Antonelli
former Director, Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation website 4/04

S. Fred Singer
Policy Expert 1982 - 1983
Source: Heritage Foundation "Policy Experts" website

Kim R. Holmes
Vice President, Foreign and Defense Policy Studies and Director, Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Robert Russell Jr.
Counselor to the President
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Ted Schelenski
Vice President, Finance and Operations
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Khristine Bershers
Director, Media Services
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Brian Darling
Director of U.S. Senate Relations, Government Relations
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Ann C. Fitzgerald
Director, Corporate Relations
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Richard Jr. Odermatt
Senior Editor, Research Publications
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Bridgett Wagner
Director, Coalition Relations
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Wendell Cox
Visiting Fellow, Thomas A. Roe Institute for Economic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Patrick F. Fagan
William H.G. FitzGerald Research Fellow in Family and Cultural Issues
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Marc Miles
Senior Fellow, The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Robert E. Rector
Senior Research Fellow, Domestic Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Aldona Robbins
Visiting Fellow, Center for Data Analysis
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Gary Robbins
Visiting Fellow, Center for Data Analysis
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Christina Sochacki
Center for Health Policy Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Brian Walsh
Senior Legal Research Fellow, Center for Legal and Judicial Studies
Source: Heritage Foundation Website 5-06

Steven F. Hayward
Former Henry Salvatori Fellow and Bradley Fellow
Source: AEI Bio (2006)

SOURCES

ExxonMobil 2001 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4388

ExxonMobil 2002 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4386

ExxonMobil Foundation 2000 IRS 990
ExxonMobil Foundation 2000 IRS 990
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4390

Exxon Education Foundation Dimensions 1998 report
Exxon Dimensions report 1998- Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4385

Greenpeace Guide
Greenpeace Guide

Heritage Foundation literature, April 17, 1992
Heritage Foundation literature, April 17, 1992

Heritage "Energy and Environment" website
Part of the Heritage Foundation's "Issues '04" site aimed political candidates
http://www.heritage.org/Research/Features/Issues2004/EnergyEnviro.cfm

Heritage Foundation website 4/04
http://www.heritage.org

ExxonMobil 2003 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4389

Heritage Foundation "Policy Experts" website
http://www.policyexperts.org

Heritage Foundation Website 5-06
http://www.heritage.org

ExxonMobil 2005 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4387

AEI Bio (2006)
http://www.aei.org/scholars/filter.,scholarID.28/scholar.asp

ExxonMobil 2006 Worldwide Giving Report
Public Information and Policy Research downloaded from Exxon website
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=view&d=4381

ExxonMobil 2007 Worldwide Giving Report
http://research.greenpeaceusa.org/?a=download&d=4586

EXXON FOUNDATION AND CORPORATE GIVING 2008
http://www.exxonmobil.com/Corporate/community_contributions_report.aspx

ExxonMobil 2009 Worldwide Contributions and Community Investments
Exxon Mobil Corporation 2009 Worldwide Contributions and Community Investments
http://www.exxonmobil.com/Corporate/files/gcr_contributions_pub-policy09.pdf

ExxonMobil 2010 Worldwide Giving Report
http://exxonmobil.com/Corporate/Files/gcr_contributions_pubpolicy-2010.pdf

Donors Trust form 990 - 2010
http://dynamodata.fdncenter.org//990_pdf_archive/522/522166327/522166327_201012_990.pdf

Donors Trust - William Hume
http://www.donorstrust.org/AboutUs/WilliamHume.aspx

Heritage Foundation - John Von Kannon
www.heritage.org/about/staff/v/john-von-kannon

ExxonMobil corporate funding 2011, public policy
http://www.webcitation.org/68w7Tt51X

ExxonMobil corporate funding 2012, public policy
http://www.exxonmobil.com/Corporate/Files/gcr_contributions_publicpolicy12.pdf